Classical curricula rely heavily on the natural cognitive growth of children and help children learn how to think critically. It is largely language-focused and includes three stages that mirror the elementary, middle, and high school grades. The Grammar Stage (K-5) emphasizes observing, listening, and memorizing. During this stage, children learn reading, writing, spelling, beginning Latin, and early math skills. The Logic Stage (6-8) emphasizes organizing, analyzing, and debating. During this stage, children continue to learn Latin and learn to logically discuss and debate topics as well as how to draw conclusions based on facts. Students often read essays and persuasive writing rather than literature as they evaluate and reflect on writing as well as historical events. The Rhetoric Stage (9-12) emphasizes developing and expressing conclusions. During this stage, students' skills at speaking eloquently and persuasively are refined.